The Story of The Banks
Redevelopment of Ohio’s Southern Gateway
The Banks Public Partnership is a working partnership between the City of Cincinnati and Hamilton County. Its team includes and collaborates with private developers. The Partnership’s goal is to ensure timely, safe, efficient, and inclusive management of the public infrastructure portion of The Banks project. It will deliver the best value for public investment in the parking facilities, street grid, streetscape, and the public park.
The development site is approximately 120 acres on Cincinnati’s Central Riverfront. Its boundaries are Third Street to the north; Central Avenue (west of Paul Brown Stadium) to the west; Broadway Street (east of Great American Ball Park) to the east; and the Ohio River to the south. The Banks area for residential and commercial development is 18 acres between the two major league stadia, Second Street, and the new park.
The Phyllis W. Smale Riverfront Park is located on 45 acres, extending from the Great American Ball Park to the Paul Brown Stadium and flanking the Suspension Bridge. Cincinnati Parks and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers oversaw the planning, development, and building of this multi-faceted park. Its Moerlein Lager House as well as the private development are LEED-certified.
With $128 million in local, county, regional, state and federal resources, The Banks Public Partnership leverages $600-800 million of private investment. It is creating between 1,500 and 2,000 construction and permanent jobs, and provides the public infrastructure necessary for transportation, residential, dining, recreation, entertainment, hotel, and office development.
This $2.5 billion public/private urban development project will be a catalyst for regional growth. It will complete the revitalization of the downtown riverfront and create opportunities for tourism and economic development. The Cincinnati riverfront will be a welcoming front porch for the entire region.
A Vibrant Riverfront Makes History, Again
Cincinnati, its riverfront, and the Ohio River share a heritage filled with drama, action, a cast of interesting characters, and ebb and flow in their mutual relationship with each other. Each is distinct from the other, but they are certainly interdependent.
Even when the City or its residents turned away from the river, it continued to flow. For all its quirks, like freezing and flooding periodically, the Ohio River is the true ‘Main Street’ for Cincinnati—a major thoroughfare that has attracted and supported commerce, entertainment, recreation, wildlife, transportation, employment, art, and infrastructure for a very long time.
The Banks Project represents the single biggest shift in thinking and developing the riverfront’s potential since the canal development started in the 1820s. The riverfront has served as the southern gateway for the State of Ohio and the Northern Midwest. The canals connected Cincinnati not only to the Great Lakes but completed the inland water system linking the Eastern United States with the Gulf of Mexico. Now Cincinnati has the opportunity to harness the energy, history, and sheer beauty of the Ohio River all over again.
Several themes recur in the stories from the last 200+ years. The Ohio River has been unpredictable, varying in depth from fewer than 2 feet to 80 feet high. No planner or builder can control whether or not the river freezes, but engineers have reduced the variability of the river’s depth and navigability. The region has fared best when the connective properties of the river have been effectively harnessed. Farmers discovered a profitable new way to reap benefits from the corn crop, when the corn could also nourish the hogs traveling to market by boat. Like the canal system, trade by river could mean new customers for entrepreneurs. Even the settlement of Losantiville in 1788 relied on partners who were willing to assume considerable risks in order to build a community and support their families.
In the 1970s the riverfront’s potential for fun brought appreciative audiences with athletic venues, fireworks, riverfront living, and parks. These developments ushered in an era of connecting the people of the region in a new way. Families started new traditions, like going annually to Riverfest, Black Family Reunion, Tall Stacks, or any of the festivals, concerts, or other events with the Ohio River as their backdrop.
With The Banks Project and the redesigned Fort Washington Way, Cincinnati welcomes a new neighborhood to the riverfront. It will attract residents, customers, and tourists. It will complete the connection of the City grid and downtown to the Ohio River. No longer will visitors get lost trying to find their way to the river. The Banks Project offers easier access and visibility, and it can withstand the fickle nature of the river when it floods, a deterrent to past development. The public-private partnership is attracting a new era of investment. The Ohio riverfront in Cincinnati will be a destination like never before, fulfilling the promises of its lively past.
Planning is at the heart of a successful development project. Archived here are the critical planning elements of the Cincinnati-Hamilton County central riverfront redevelopment, including The Banks. In 2013, The Cincinnati Central Riverfront Plan (with The Banks as its centerpiece) was honored by the American Planning Association with its National Planning Excellence Award.
The links in the Planning Appendices below include economic impact studies conducted in 2012 (The Banks project overall) and in 2014 (GE Office Building). In addition, a May 2010 report highlights the archaeological investigation conducted to determine construction impact on archaeological deposits associated with the development site, uncovering artifacts (from buildings constructed in the early 1850s) at the northeast corner of Water and Race Streets.
- ICE Case Study—A Resilient Approach to Developing a City’s Flood Plain
- Central Riverfront Urban Design and Stadium Siting Concept Plan April 1997
- EPA Smart Growth Achievement Award Application (689 KB)
- EPA Smart Growth Achievement Award Nomination Photos (305 KB)
- Fort Washington Way Major Investment Study (3.5 MB)
- Fort Washington Way Highway Architecture Concept (2.2 MB)
- Fort Washington Way Project Overview (6.7 MB)
- Fort Washington Way 2000 (5 MB)
- Fort Washington Way Reconstructed (1.9 MB)
- Central Riverfront Urban Design Plan UDA (13.9 MB)
- Riverfront Advisors Plan (7.9 MB)
- City Planning Commission Riverfront Plan Approval (4 MB)
- Master Development Agreement (28.4 MB)
- City-County Cooperative Agreement (6 MB)
- The Banks Project–Joint Policy (111 KB)
- Infrastructure Development Management Agreement (8 MB)
- The Banks Redevelopment of Ohio Southern Gateway (3.5 MB)
- 2011 Developed Updated Master Plan Draft (4.6 MB)
- The Banks Subdivision Plan 2012 (750 KB)
- Carter Zoning Amendment Request (4.1 MB)
- Riverfront Construction Video
- APA Implementation Nomination (185 KB)
- APA Implementation Award Announcement (993 KB)
- APA Implementation Award of Excellence Video
- Economic Impact of The Banks May 2012 (4.3 MB)
- UC Economics Study 2014 (Impact of GE at The Banks)
Today & Tomorrow
As the vision of The Banks takes shape right before our eyes and the eyes of the world, people live where produce warehouses once stood. The former sprawling sea of parking spaces has been expanded and efficiently enclosed, creating a transit center and over 4,450-space parking facility to offer ample parking for residents and visitors to the riverfront for work, for dining, for entertainment, and for daily living.
With groundbreaking in 2008, Phase I of The Banks opened to residents and commercial tenants in 2011. More than 300 residents now occupy Current At The Banks, the first phase of mixed-use structures including rental apartments and nearly 100,000 square feet of dining and entertainment options. Marriott’s 171-room AC Hotel opened in 2017.
Phase II is now open, with 292 apartments in the Radius, west of the Freedom Center, including 19,000 square feet for commercial, and a 733-space parking facility. Phase IIIA added 710 spaces south of Freedom Way to expand the Central Riverfront Garage—and put the foundation in place for future development. GE Global Operations Center opened in 2016 as home to over 1,500 information systems and technology staff, and other business tenants.
Phase IIIB produced the Andrew J. Brady Music Center at the foot of Race Street. Phase IIIC will install an interactive visitor attraction at the corner of Elm Street and Mehring Way to honor our region’s heritage of Black Music, The Cincinnati Black Music Walk of Fame. A future-phase IV will complete the development nestled in the area between Great American Ball Park and Paul Brown Stadium from Second Street to the Ohio River.
Smale Riverfront Park continues to expand its offerings for recreation and relaxation. From the event lawn at the easternmost point just north of Mehring Way, all the way to the Castellini Esplanade at the far west end, Smale Riverfront Park offers rose gardens, adventure playgrounds, lighted fountains, family swings and an extension of the Ohio River Walk. www.mysmaleriverfrontpark.org